Following the successful 4th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture in New Delhi 4-7th February 2009, the following statement was released in regards to recommendations from this conference:
The New Delhi Declaration on Conservation Agriculture
The 1,000 delegates, gathered in the 4th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, held from 4 to 7 February 2009 in New Delhi, India, among them farmers, private sector enterprises, scientists, development organizations, donor organizations and policymakers from all world continents, recognizing the urgent need
- to double agricultural production over the next few decades,
- to reverse the trend of degradation of natural resources, in particular soil, water and biodiversity,
- to improve the efficiency of the use of ever scarcer production resources,
- to address the fact that agriculture and agriculturally induced deforestation cause 30% of the actual green house gas emissions,
- to answer the increasing threats of a changing climate to agricultural production,
agreed that Conservation Agriculture based on the three principles of
- minimum mechanical disturbance of the soil
- permanent organic cover of the soil surface, and
- a diversified sequence or association of crops
is the foundation of a sustainable intensification of crop production, being as such the necessary condition to achieve, along with other complementary technologies, a sustained increase of world agricultural production and at the same time a recovery of the natural resource base and environmental services.
The delegates therefore urge all stakeholders involved at international, regional andrational level in agricultural production, research and policy making to mainstream Conservation Agriculture as the base concept for agricultural production.
Governments of the world are requested to
- harmonize their policies in support for the adoption of Conservation Agriculture
- introduce mechanisms which provide incentives for farmers to change their production system to Conservation Agriculture
- pursue the case of Conservation Agriculture as the central mechanism for agricultural sector climate change mitigation in the international negotiations for a post Kyoto climate change agreement
- include Conservation Agriculture as base concept for the adaptation of agriculture to the challenges of climate change in the National Action Plans for Adaptation
- support the UN Food and Agriculture Organization in the endeavour to establish a special programme on Conservation Agriculture to facilitate this process in its member countries.
New Delhi on February 6th, 2009